Government To Ratify SPAW Protocol First Quarter of New Fiscal … – Government of Jamaica, Jamaica Information Service

Minister of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, Senator the Hon. Kamina Johnson Smith (right), presents a welcome home gift to 13-year-old burn victim, Adrianna Laing (seated) who returned to island on Thursday (March 30) after successful treatment overseas. Sharing the moment (from left) are her father, Adrian Laing; and members of the Sanmerna Foundation – Project Manager, Stephen Joseph; Managing Director, Robert White; and Board Director, Mark White. A homecoming ceremony was hosted by the Ministry at the Norman Manley International Airport in Kingston.
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The Government is working to finally ratify the Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW) Protocol of the Cartagena Convention in the first quarter of the new fiscal year, which begins on April 1.
This was revealed during a virtual press conference of the National Environment and Planning Agency (NEPA), on Thursday, March 30.
The entity’s Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Peter Knight, said that the Government is currently pursuing amendments to the Wildlife Protection Act and the promulgation of the Protected Areas Regulations.
“We anticipate that the process will be completed the first quarter of the 2023/24 financial year. When done, it will enable Jamaica to meet the obligations of the SPAW Protocol and, therefore, allow the Government of Jamaica to ratify the Protocol,” he added.
Jamaica signed the SPAW protocol in 1990. It is a regional agreement for the protection and sustainable use of coastal and marine biodiversity in the wider Caribbean Region.
The country has been unable to accede to the protocol and be fully compliant with its intent, because of the failure to amend the Wildlife Protection Act.
Minister without Portfolio in the Ministry of Economic Growth and Job Creation, Senator the Hon. Matthew Samuda, in his contribution to the State of the Nation Debate in the Upper House in December last year, said that “this Administration will address this legacy issue”.
In the meantime, Mr. Knight welcomed the announcement by Prime Minister, the Most Hon. Andrew Holness, in his recent contribution to the 2023/24 Budget Debate, that 15 ecologically sensitive areas (ESAs) islandwide have been identified for enhanced protection.
“We are happy that the Prime Minister accepted and agreed with the representation made to him by the Agency when he was sensitised to major challenges being faced and that there was need for a policy response, intervention and urgent management of these areas. We are also pleased that the Cabinet agreed with the Prime Minister’s position that the matter required support as outlined in the recent Cabinet decision,” Mr. Knight said.
He informed that to effectively manage these areas, “we will implement controls to reflect the management objectives and site-specific needs”.
“Given the range of applicable legal instruments, an integrated and coordinated approach will be utilised to ensure that the proposed legal protection measures are efficiently and effectively applied and enforced,” the CEO emphasised.
He pointed out that the proposed day-to-day management arrangements for identified ESAs will involve an enterprise team, which will eventually transfer this responsibility to identified competent community-based groups or environmental non-governmental organisations.
Mr. Knight added that the Government has already signalled its support and issued instructions for annual subventions to be provided to the relevant regulatory agencies.
Additional resources will be mobilised utilising economic instruments, for example, through user fees (as currently obtains in the country’s marine and national parks), payment for ecosystem services and through private-sector adoption programmes.
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Initial Officer Training Programme (IOTP) provides basic military officer training to Officer Cadets (OCdts) and their equivalents from law enforcement and uniformed services. The programme falls within the tactical level of the Professional Military Education (PME) framework of armed forces and is modelled from the Royal Military Academy Sandhursts’ (RMAS) Commissioning Course.  It was designed with the direct support and guidance of RMAS Instructing and Support Staff.
Traditionally, the Jamaica Defence Force’s (JDF) longstanding partnerships with militaries across the world has seen its OCdts being trained in academies in the following countries: United States, England, Canada, China and India. Upon the return of OCdts to the JDF, there is a requirement for doctrine and operating procedure standardization due to the varying concepts and differing contents of the training they had undergone. This is normally done at the Unit level and later, through a Young Officers’ Course. The advent of COVID-19 added a new level of complexity to travel, thus negatively affecting the process of sending OCdts overseas. Additionally, the ongoing expansion and restructuring of the Force to cauterize the ballooning threats to national security has caused an increased demand for newly commissioned Second Lieutenants.
Due to the carefully adapted military and academic curricula, IOTP serves as the course to treat with the aforementioned considerations. The methodology used addresses each issue directly and the course, through the delivery of a bespoke training syllabus, is fit for the JDF and is also relevant to the militaries and organizations within the Caribbean region and in other parts of the world.
Having the RMAS approach to training at its core, IOTP is designed with a syllabus that sees male and female integration throughout training. The course focusses on developing military skills and command with a leadership ‘golden thread’. The course structure allows the Instructing Staff to educate, build, develop and scrutinize an OCdt’s ability to decide and communicate accurately and ethically while under pressure and or stress. The expectation is that on commissioning, an OCdt will be fully cognizant of the responsibilities and personal conditions that being an Officer imposes upon them. The product of the IOTP will be an ethical and robust Officer who has the knowledge, skills, attitudes and intellectual agility to adapt their decision-making process and approach to any environment.
The home of IOTP is the Caribbean Military Academy (CMA) Newcastle, which is located at the Newcastle Hill Station, St Andrew, Jamaica.
Nestled in the cool hills of upper St Andrew and amidst beautiful trees, ferns, ground orchids, delicate wild flowers and a profusion of ginger lilies, is the Newcastle
Training Depot founded in 1841 by Major General Sir William Maynard Gomm (later Field Marshall). Gomm, a veteran of the wars against revolutionary France and Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica from 1840 to 1841, relentlessly badgered the War Office in London to establish a mountain station for British soldiers in Jamaica soon after taking up his post.
The idea of the hill station was first raised by Gomm in a letter dated April 7, 1840 to Governor Sir Charles Metcalfe. Gomm pointed out that while Up Park Camp was an ideal location for a barracks, it was subject to the ravages of yellow fever. In Jamaica the
British garrison was stationed on the plain at Up Park Camp, Stony Hill, Fort Augusta and Port Royal. Here, on the average, 1 soldier died every 2½ days. According to Russell, the year 1838 was considered a ‘good’ year: only 91 men died. In 1839, 110 men perished and in the following year 121. Initially, the British government was conservative in approving a hill station for the troops in Jamaica. They were concerned about the expense of the venture.
In May 1841, London finally sanctioned Gomm’s efforts to build what is thought to be the first permanent mountain station in the British West Indies at Newcastle. The site selected was a coffee plantation protruding from the southern face of the grand ridge of the Blue Mountains. The British government paid £4,230 for the Newcastle site.
At the outbreak of World War II (1939-1945), life at Newcastle changed a little. The British regiment was replaced by Canadian regiments which remained at Newcastle for the duration of the war. With hostilities over in 1945, the Canadians left and once again a British battalion was stationed there.
In 1958, the West Indies Federation was founded and the infantry regiments of the various Caribbean islands were disbanded and reorganized into the West India Regiment. Newcastle became a training depot, training recruits from all over the West Indies as part of the
newly formed West Indies Federation. In 1962 when Federation was disbanded, the West India Regiment was also disbanded. Jamaica simultaneously sought her independence, which was achieved on August 6, 1962. With independence, Newcastle was given to the Jamaican government as part of a general settlement of all military lands in Jamaica.
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